When considering the construction of rugs, there are a few different options to choose from, each with its own characteristics and benefits. The best construction for rugs depends on factors such as the intended use, desired style, and personal preferences.

Here are some common rug constructions:

  1. Hand-knotted: AKA Hand-woven rugs are crafted by skilled artisans who tie individual knots onto the rug's foundation. This construction method produces highly durable and intricate rugs with excellent attention to detail. Hand-knotted rugs are known for their longevity and can be passed down through generations. They are often made from high-quality materials like wool or silk.
  2. Hand-tufted: Hand-tufted rugs are made by punching yarn into a fabric canvas using a tufting gun. The yarn is then secured with a backing material. Hand-tufted rugs are generally less time-consuming and less expensive to produce than hand-knotted rugs. They offer a wide variety of designs, patterns, and textures. While they are not as durable as hand-knotted rugs, they still provide good quality and comfort.
  3. Machine-made: Machine-made rugs are created using automated machines. They offer a cost-effective option with a wide range of styles, colours, and patterns. Machine-made rugs are generally less expensive than hand-knotted or hand-tufted rugs and can be more resistant to wear and tear. However, they may not have the same level of intricacy or durability.
  4. Flatweave: Flatweave rugs, such as kilims or dhurries, are woven on a loom using a technique that creates a flat. These rugs are lightweight, easy to maintain, and often reversible. Flatweave rugs are a good option for high-traffic areas, as they are durable and tend to be less prone to showing wear.
  5. Hooked or braided: Hooked or braided rugs are made by hand or machine using a process where loops of fabric or yarn are pulled through a backing material. These rugs offer a cosy and casual look and are often used in country or rustic-style interiors. They are generally less expensive and provide good durability.
  6. Hand-Loom: A faster way of manufacturing rugs. A horizontal loom similar to those used to weave fabrics and used for simple and repeatable patterns where the entire row is made by pushing the yarn using a shuttle through warp. used to produce cheaper rugs.  

The best construction for your rug depends on your priorities, such as durability, style, budget, and maintenance requirements. It's also essential to consider the specific area where the rug will be placed and the amount of foot traffic it will receive.