Manufacturing Guide

Rug manufacturing methods

There are three different methods in which a rug is constructed:

Hand Knotted – This ancient technique has been used for over 1,000 years. Made famous by Turkish and Persian artisans, these rugs are woven on vertical looms. The rug is created by knotting the yarn to a cross section of warp (threads of the rug running vertically) and weft (threads running horizontally) tightly wrapped to a wooden or metal frame (the loom). The knotting process is incredibly slow and requires years of training and experience. An average weaver can tie about 10,000 knots a day. Master rug makers are artists in the truest sense, and their work should be viewed as such.


Hand Tufted – This technique was developed as an alternative to hand knotting, greatly speeding up rug production. First the design is stencilled on to a piece of canvas tightly stretched across a frame. Then, using a Tufting Gun, yarn is passed through the canvas in a ‘V’ shape. Once the tufting is complete, the rug is removed from the frame and a scrim fabric is glued to the back to hide the tufting ends. Cheaper than their hand knotted cousins due to the lower labour and skill requirements, they are also in turn less durable.

Machine Made – The fastest and most efficient way to make a rug using modern machines and technology, Machine-made rugs are constructed through thousands of reels of thread that are fed into one giant mechanical loom, which quickly weaves the rug in the chosen pattern. Multiple rugs can be made at the same time, though there are limits to the amount of colours that can be used in one rug (usually about 8-10 colours). Machine made rugs range in price and quality and have served to make it an affordable luxury in your home.

How do you differentiate between rug types?

Simple – Grab a corner of the rug. Fold it first one way and then the other.

What did you notice?

Machine made rugs are easy to fold in one direction, but not the other. Hand knotted rugs are soft and supple and fold easily in either direction. They nearly always have a natural fringe, or edging, which is woven into the rug and not sewn or glued on. Tufted rugs are the easiest to identify – just look for a plain cloth covering the entire back of the rug.

Pile Rugs and flat weaves

Pile is the soft projecting surface of the carpet or rug, made up of many individual threads. Rugs and carpets made without pile are called flat weaves.

  • Pile Rugs (like plush carpets) feel soft when you run your hand over them. The longer the pile, the softer it feels, but the design and patterning can lose some definition.
  • Flat-weave (No pile) – are easy to make and hard to the touch. They are lightweight, durable and inexpensive. Suited better for entrance ways and high traffic areas.


Rug Size Guide

This Rug Size Guide summary is developed by RugSpot to help you choose the right rug.

How Do I choose the right Size?

The size of the rug will depend on the room and the way you’d like to set it.

Living Room – Consider the rug in relation to the furniture around it as it will affect what parts of the rug you will be able see. There are three to fit a rug in a room.

RugSpot carries the largest collection for any living space

Dining Room – For dining room you’d want to have the rug that covers the table and the chairs.  The rug needs to be big enough so that the chairs are pulled in and out on the rug. To do this you need to measure the length and width of the table.

Next pull out a chair as if you are going to sit on it and measure the distance between the back of the chair and the table.  Double up this distance and add it to both length and width of the table to get an approximate size for the rug you’ll need.


Dining Table –  Length 2.00 Meter, Width 1.0 Meter

Chair and the distance allowed for sitting on it, say 0.75 Meter

 Approx Rug –    Length 2.00+2 x0.75 = 3.50 Meters, Width 1.0+0.75×2 = 2.50 Metres

 Tip: If your rug is too narrow or too short, chairs legs will fall off the rug and you’ll have difficulty pushing the chair back towards the table. Repeating this may also scratch your floor.

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Bedroom – There are three room setting

Visit RugSpot to see the largest collection rugs for dining room and other areas

Below are the approximate rug sizes and with potential room settings.

Dimensions (Cm)     Size                     Suitable Area

120 x 170 Cm                   Small                   Coffee table, children room, Entry area

160 x 230                          Medium             2-3 Seater Sofa

200 x 290                         Large                   3 Seater Sofa, or 4-6 seater dining table

240×330                           X Large               2 x 3 Seater Sofa or 8 seater dining table

380×390                           XX Large           Large Rooms, 10-12 seater dining table

80 x 300                           Short Runner   Short Hallway

80x 400                            Med. Runner    Medium Hallway

80x by Meter                   Long Runner    Very long Hallway See Runners Guide